Activist senator Risa Hontiveros sparked criticisms after she donated anti-Marcos books to senior high school students recently.
The book, “Martial Law: Never Again” student edition, is written by no other than self-proclaimed veteran journalist Raissa Robles.
Like Hontiveros, Robless made her life and career defaming people through her so-called investigative journalism. Hontiveros vowed to let the youth know all about the Martial Law by distributing Robles’ books.
What students and youth didn’t know is that, the book is not really a history of Martial Law according to Law Professor Martin Silvestre.
“If you write about Martial Law, you should write about everything that happened during those years, not just hearsays based on what you heard”, Silvestre said.
The book, according to Silvestre is just a collection of anti-Marcos sentiments, and most are fabricated from the camp of former presidents Aquino, Ramos, and Aquino III.
Silvestre also noted that to make the book belivable, Robles should have included 100s of Marcos’ accomplishments – most happened during Martial Law.
“If we talk about Martial Law, we should be balanced. We should not talk only about the negative effect, but also the positive. Students should not be taught just one side of the story”, Silvestre added.
Here are the lists of things that should have been included in the Martial Law book, student edition.
PRESIDENT FERDINAND MARCOS’s ACCOMPLISHMENTS:
We can talk about completed and commissioned government projects of the late FERDINAND E. MARCOS Sr.
Marcos completed Power plants in 20 years
1). Bataan Nuclear Power Plant, completed 1983
2) Leyte Geothermal Power Plant, completed 1977
3)Makiling-Banahaw Geothermal Power Plant, completed 1979
4) Tiwi Geothermal Power Plant, completed 1980
5) Angat Hydro Electric Power Plant, completed 1967
6)Kalayaan Hydro Electric Power Plant, completed 1982
7) Magat A Hydro Electric Power Plant, completed 1984
8)Magat B Hydro Electric Power Plant, completed 1984
9)Pantabangan Hydro Electric Power Plant, completed 1977
10)Agus 2 Hydro Electric Power Plant, completed 1979
11)Agus 4 Hydro Electric Power Plant, completed 1985
12) Agus 5 Hydro Electric Power Plant, completed 1985
13) Agus 7 Hydro Electric Power Plant, completed 1982
14) Pulangi Hydro Electric Power Plant, completed 1985
15) Agus 6 Hydro Electric Power plant, recommissioned in 1977
16)Masiway Hydro Electric Power Plant, completed 1980
17) Main Magat Hydro Electric Power Plant, completed 1983
18)Calaca Coal Power PlantCompleted in 1984
19) Cebu Thermal Power Plant completed in 1981
20) Palinpinon 1 Southern Negros
Geothermal production Field completed in 1983.
***Not mentioned are diesel plants**
Cory Aquino, Ramos, Estrada, Gloria Macapagal, Ninoy Aquino III COMBINED in 26 years: ZERO
Every new power plant built During their time were all privately Owned (mostly by Lopezes, AboitIz, Aquino And Cojuangco Family) and is now owners of some Power Plants completed during Marcos.
Marcos completed Bridge projects in 20 years
1) Biliran Bridge150 meters long of Leyte, completed 1975
2) Buntun Bridge 1369 meters long of Tuguegarao-Solana, Cagayan, completed 1974
3) Candaba Viaduct Pulilan 5000 meters long of Bulacan-San Simon, Pampanga, completed 1976
4)Mactan-Mandaue Bridge 864 meters long of Lapu-Lapu-Mandaue, Cebu 1972
5) Magapit Suspension Bridge 449 meters long of Lal-lo, Cagayan completed 1978
6)Mawo Bridge 280 meters long Victoria, Northern Samar completed 1970
7) Patapat Viaduct 1300 meters long Pagudpud, Ilocos Norte completed 1986
9)San Juanico Bridge 2060 meters long Tacloban, Leyte-Santa Rita, Samar. Completed 1973
Not to mention the unnamed hundreds of bridges under 100 meters long.
TOTAL LENGTH = 11472 meters long
Marcos Established/Founded State Colleges/Universities in 20 years
1)Don Mariano Marcos Memorial State University in La Union founded in 1981
2)Mariano Marcos State University in Ilocos Norte founded in 1978
3)Kalinga-Apayao State College in Tabuk Kalinga founded in 1970
4)Abra State Institute of Science and Technology in Abra founded in 1983
5)Pangasinan State University founded in 1979
6)University of Northern Philippines founded in 1965
7)Philippine State College of Aeronautics founded in 1969
8)Cagayan State University established in 1978
9)Quirino State University established 1976
10)Isabela State University established 1978
11)Pampanga Agricultural College established 1974
12)Mindoro State College of Agriculture and Technology-Calapan City established 1966
13)Occidental Mindoro State College established 1966
14)Palawan State University established 1965
15)Bicol University established 1969
16)Camarines Sur Polytechnic Colleges established 1983
17)Rizal Technological University established 1969
18)Technological University of the Philippines established 1971
19)Capiz State University 1980
20)Guimaras State College 1968
21)Northern Negros State College of Science and Technology established 1971
22)West Visayas State University became established as university in January 1986
23)Leyte Normal University 1976
24)SLSU- (Southern Leyte State University) – Sogod 1969
25)SLSU- Hinunangan 1975
26)SLSU- Tomas Oppus feb. 1 1986
27)SLSU- Bontoc 1983
28)SLSU- San Juan 1983
29)Basilan State College 1984
30)Western Mindanao State University became a university in 1978 followed with building the satellite campuses in:
WMSU-Alicia campus, Zamboanga del Sur
WMSU-Aurora campus, Zamboanga del Sur
WMSU Curuan, Zamboanga City
WMSU-Diplahan, Zamboanga Sibugay
WMSU-Imelda, Zamboanga Sibugay
WMSU-Ipil, Zamboanga Sibugay
WMSU-Mabuhay, Zamboanga Sibugay
WMSU-Malangas, Zamboanga Sibugay
WMSU-Molave, Zamboanga del Sur
WMSU-Naga, Zamboanga Sibugay
WMSUOlutanga, Zamboanga Sibugay
WMSU-Pagadian City, Zamboanga del Sur
WMSU-Pitogo, Zamboanga del Sur
WMSU-San Ramon, Zamboanga City
WMSU-Siay, Zamboanga Sibugay
WMSU-Tungawan, Zamboanga Sibugay
31)Central Mindanao University established 1965
32)Misamis Oriental State College of Agriculture and Technology established 1983
33)Northwestern Mindanao State College of Science and Technology estbalished 1971
34)Davao del Norte School of Fisheries established 1969 ( now known as Davao del Norte State College)
35)Mati Community College (MCC) founded in 1972 (now known as Davao Oriental State College of Science and Technology)
36)Malita Agri-Business and Marine and Aquatic School of Technology founded 1966 now known as
37)Southern Philippines Agri-Business and Marine and Aquatic School of Technology
38)University of Southeastern Philippines established 1978
39)Cotabato Foundation College of Science and Technology established 1967
40) Cotabato City State Polytechnic College established 1983
41)Mindanao state university- Iligan city founded 1968
42)Mindanao state university- Gensan city founded 1971
43)Surigao del Sur State University founded 1982
44)Surigao Del Norte School of Arts and Trades (Founded in 1969) now known as Surigao State College of Technology
45)Sulu State College founded in 1982
46)Tawi-Tawi Regional Agricultural College founded in 1975
47)Adiong Memorial Polytechnic State College founded in 1970’s
48) Makati Polytechnic Community College- Technical High School founded in 1972
So far, out of 108 state universities and colleges are established and accomplished projects of FERDINAND E MARCOS. He also improved and re equipped the remaining colleges/ Universities that were established/ founded before 1965.
Cory Aquino, Ramos, Estrada, Gloria Macapagal, Ninoy Aquino III combined Established/Founded State Colleges/Universities in 26 years:ZERO- the remaining of 108 State Colleges/Universities are built and founded before 1965. They though renamed few Colleges and Universities and Refounded them after 1986.
National Manpower and Youth Council (NMYC) founded 1976. Now changed to TESDA to discredit Apo Marcos.
Few in not a fraction of high schools all over the Philippines. Built and founded during Marcos leadership
1) Amlan Municipal High School was established 1972
2) Amparo High School was established in 1979
3) Aplaya National High School was established 1969
4) Balayan National High School (BNHS) established 1985
5) Balibago National High School established 1970
6) Bayugan National Comprehensive High School established 1980
7) Buenavista National High School established 1972
Dalupaon National High School established 1972
9) Don Emilio Macias Memorial National High School established 1982
10) Dona Francisca Lacsamana de Ortega Memorial National High School established 1972
11) Dr. Juan G. Nolasco High School established 1966
12) Eastern Samar National Comprehensive High School established 1969
13) Francisco P. Felix Memorial National High School (FPFMNHS) established 1973
14) Gen. T. de Leon National High School establsihed 1969
15) Ismael Mathay, Sr. High School, formerly called the GSIS Village High School established 1971
16) Jose Borromeo Legaspi Memorial National High School established 1981
17) Kaong National High School 1974
18) Lawang Bato National High School established 1967
19) Liloy National High School established 1974
20) Mag-aba National High School established 1977
21) Mandaluyong High School established 1977
22) Navotas National High School established 1983
23) Parañaque National High School (Main Campus) (Formerly known as Parañaque Municipal High School) established 1969
24) Pasay City North High School established in 1969
25) Pedro E. Diaz High School established 1977
26) Philippine High School for the Arts established 1977
27) Pinagtongulan National High School established 1967
28) Punta National High School established 1971
29) San Juan National High School established 1968
30) San Mateo National High School established 1985
31) San Pablo City National High School established 1969
32) San Pedro Relocation Center National High School established 1970
33) San Ramon National High School established 1967
34)Tabon M. Estrella National High School established 1981
35) Makati Polytechnic Community College- Technical High School founded in 1972
36) Tomas Cabili National High school Iligan city 1971
37) Dasmarinas National high School 1971
I Food sufficiency
A. Green Revolution
Production of rice was increased through promoting the cultivation of IR-8 hybrid rice. In 1968 the Philippines became self-sufficient in rice, the first time in history since the American period. It also exported rice worth US$7 million.
B. Blue Revolution
Marine species like prawn, mullet, milkfish, and golden tilapia were being produced and distributed to farmers at a minimum cost. Today, milkfish and prawns contribute substantially to foreign exchange income.
C. Liberalized Credit
More than one thousand rural banks spread all over the country resulting to the accessibility of credit to finance purchase of agricultural inputs, hired labor, and harvesting expenses at very low interest rate. During 1981-1985, credit was available without interest and collateral arrangements.
Some of the credit programs were the ff:
1. Biyayang Dagat (credit support for fishermen)
2. Bakahang Barangay –supported fattening of 40,000 head of cattle in farmer backyards
3. Masaganang Maisan, Maisagana, and Expanded Yellow Corn Program –supported 1.4 Million farmers through P4.7 Billion loans from 1975-1985
4. Gulayan sa Kalusugan and Pagkain ng Bayan Programs –provided grants and loans of P12.4 Million to encourage backyard and communal production of vegetables and improve nutrition of Filipino households
5. Kilusang Kabuhayan at Kaunlaran (KKK)— supported 25,000 entrepreneurial projects through P1.8 Billion and helping 500,000 beneficiaries
D. Decontrol Program
Price control polices were implemented on rice and corn to provide greater incentive to farmers to produce more. Deregulation of trading in commodities like sugar and coconut and agricultural inputs like fertilizer were done for more efficient marketing and trading arrangements.
II. Education Reform
Access to free education widened during the Marcos Administration. The biggest portion of the budget was allotted for Educational Programs (P58.7 Billion in 20 years).
The literacy rate climbed from 72% in 1965 to 93% in 1985 and almost 100% in Metro Manila on the same year.
III. Agrarian Reform
Tenant’s Emancipation Act of 1972 or PD 27 was implemented without bloodshed. This was the first Land Reform Code our country. Since it was implemented until December 1985, 1.2 million farmers benefited, either they became the owner or leaseholder in more than 1.3 million hectares of rice and corn lands.
IV. Primary Health Care
The Primary Health Care (PHC) Program made medical care accessible to millions of Filipinos in the remotest barrios of the country. This program was even awarded by United Nations as the most effective and most responsive health program among the third world countries. With PHC life expectancy increased from 53.7 years in 1965 to 65 years in 1985. Infant mortality rate also declined from 73 deaths per 1,000 live births in 1965 to 58 in 1984.
V. Housing for the masses
Bagong Lipunan Improvement of Sites and Services (BLISS) Housing project had expanded the government’s housing program for the low-income group.
Massive slum upgrading projects have improved to 14,000 lots in 1985 from 2,500 in 1976. The Tondo foreshore, for instance, is one of the biggest and most miserable slum colonies in Asia was transformed into a decent community.
A total of 230,000 housing units were constructed from 1975-1985. The laws on socialized housing were conceptualized by President Marcos through a series of legal issuances from the funding, the lending, mortgaging and to the collection of the loans. These are governed by the Home Mutual Development Fund (Pag-Ibig Fund), the Housing and Land Use Regulatory Board (HLURB) and the National Home Mortgage Finance which remain intact up to the present
VI. Energy Self-Reliance
Indigenous energy sources were developed like hydro, geothermal, dendrothermal, coal, biogas and biomass.
The country became the first in Asia to use dendrothermal and in five years we became number two, next to US, in geothermal utilization. The extensive energy resource research and exploration and development resulted to reduction of oil imports from 100% in 1965 to 40% in 1985 and in the same year, more than 1,400 towns and cities were fully energized.
VII. Export Development
During 1985 textile and textile products like garments and embroideries, furniture and rattan products, marine products like prawns and milkfish, raw silk, shoes, dehydrated and fresh fruits were exported aside from the traditional export products like coconut, sugar, logs, lumber and veneer. The maritime industry was also dominated by Filipinos wherein 50,000 seamen were employed by various world shipping companies.
VIII. Labor Reform
The Labor code was promulgated which expanded the concerns of the Magna Carta of Labor to extend greater protection to labor, promote employment, and human resource development.
The minimum wages of the workers were boosted through the guaranteed 13th month pay and cost of living allowances. Employment potentials of Filipinos were enhanced through skills training. During that time, there were 896,000 out-of-school youths and unemployed graduated from various training centers all over the country.
IX. Unprecedented Infrastructure Growth
The country’s road network had improved from 55,778 kilometers in 1965 to 77,950 in five years (1970), and eventually reached 161,000 kilometers in 1985. Construction of irrigation facilities was also done that made 1.5 million hectares of land irrigated and increased the farmer’s harvest and income.
In addition, nationwide telecommunication systems— telephone systems, telex exchange too centers, and interprovincial toll stations were also built.
X. Political Reform
The structure of government established by President Marcos remains substantially the same except the change of name, inclusive of superficial features in laws, to give a semblance of change from that of President Marcos regime.
The only significant department that was abolished after the departure of President Marcos was the Department of Ministry of Human Settlements under Imelda Romualdez Marcos. It was dismantled but the functions were distributed to different offices.
XII. Fiscal Reform
Government finances were stabilized by higher revenue collections and loans from treasury bonds, foreign lending institutions and foreign governments.
XI. Peace and Order
In 1966, more than 100 important smugglers were arrested; in three years 1966-68 they arrested a total of 5,000. Military men involved in smuggling were forced to retire. Peace and order significantly improved in most provinces however situations in Manila and some provinces continued to deteriorate until the imposition of martial law in 1972.
What ever happened to these?
Did the succeeding administration just forego these just because it had Marcos’ signature?
These,though made in the 1970’s address problems that we are facing today.
Had these not been abolished and maintained for the last 30 or so years, things may be so much different.
And the list goes on and on and on…..
“The so-called history on Martial Law is not accurate if the above list is not included,” Silvestre said. /Letty Guimbal, other sources: AmazingPilipinas.